Great time of year for seeing Fungi, most good, some not so good.. here's a pic of some Honey fungus, very common in domestic gardens everywhere.
AKA Boot lace fungus, latin / botanical name Armillaria mellea.
It can be easily recognised, in dense clusters on or around trunks or stumps of deciduous or coniferous trees in late summer into autumn they are ochre to tawny dark brown in colour with a very distinct ring around the stem.
Fungal rhizomorphs can also be found in the ground and on the lower parts of the tree beneath the bark, this is one of the ways in which it will travel, they are like compressed or flat black bootlaces. Another feature is the fungal mycelium, a thin white fungal sheet often found beneath the bark
This is one of the most common and most dangerous parasites of trees causing an intensive white rot and ultimately death, there is no cure. Honey fungus decays a trees roots which can then make a tree very prone to wind throw (falling over).
A tree will usually exhibit some crown symptoms such as dying back from the tips or a thinning / sparse crown.
If your trees have honey fungus or any other disease problem, very important questions are always: Where is the tree? What is the level of hazard caused? If it's close to your house / driveway / school / office / a road, anywhere with lots of traffic or a high use area then if it falls it will cause damage. If it's in the middle of a large garden / paddock or even in a woodland it's is much less likely to cause any damage or injure anybody so can be left for longer. The recommended course of action is to remove the tree and grind out the stump and remove the stump grindings in order to remove as much of the food source for the fungi as possible.
We always advise replanting where possible whenever we have to remove a tree for whatever reason. It is best to avoid the most susceptible plants and instead plant more resistant ones. Some more resistant plants include: Acer negundo, Arundinaria (and other bamboos), Berberis, Buxus sempervirens, Carpinus betulus, Chaenomeles, Clematis, Erica, Fremontodendron, Garrya, Ginkgo, Hypericum, Juglans nigra, Laurus nobilis (bay), Nyssa, Pittosporum, Quercus ilex, Tamarix, Taxus (yew) and Vaccinium,
If you have any questions or would like some further advice please get in touch.